Daring Greatly by Brené Brown (Book Summary)

Whether it’s your parent castigating you because of something you did incorrectly, or the boss yelling at you in public for your mistake at work, everybody has experienced a feeling of disgrace at 1 point or another. As a matter of fact, shame looks like an inborn piece of every people’s condition. However, are you aware that disgrace has been extremely harmful and it hinders people from having the greatest potential they can?

Throughout the following chapters, we will get to know the actual meaning of shame and the place it originated. We will also know how it causes a sense of disgracefulness and the way that’s rampant in the culture we live in.

Also, you will find the remedy for the sense of disgrace which is vulnerability. Vulnerability is the inclination to readily acknowledge weaknesses and failures, and this would enable you to develop the flexibility to the sense of disgrace and be more delighted with the things you own.

However, if you are then able to create a vulnerable culture at school, work, and home, you would clear the sites of disgrace, and then discover that it leads to happier families, more engagement, and creativity.

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Chapter 1 – Disgrace has been being afraid of disconnection socially; that is just human, however harmful even so.

We’ve all felt shame. The majority of the people know that disgrace has been caused by our opinion of the image other people have of us.

However, in order to really grasp the way shame functions, we have to consider a fundamental human requirement of love, belonging, and connection.

Being “social animals”, people are structured to search for others’ company; being part of a grouping has continuously been vital to people’s viability. For instance, during the Stone Era, team participants would fight any intruders in order to protect themselves.

This desire is really powerful that social detachment leads to true suffering – which neuroscience has illustrated is strengthened by the human brain’s chemistry.

Hence, what’s after the sense of disgrace? The conviction that we’re not valuable for love, belonging, and connection which we require to stay alive.

When we sense this, whatsoever we accomplish or achieve in this life won’t be sufficient enough to please that fundamental requirement.

For instance, the connection between worthiness and shame may be seen in those cases at the time we demonstrate to others something we’ve done – like the essay we’ve authored, or the painting we’ve done.

Mostly, people attach self-worth to how other people react to the creations they bring up. The outcome? We panic that those would be condemned, or we would even be denied.

Definitely, disgrace is damaging for people. It hinders us from testing, making us disconnected from other people.

Shame prevents us from going out to the stage, whether it’s showing our work, showing our senses, or working on something novel. When we have the feeling of unreserved value, we’ll be brave at the times it is time to take a chance.

The author found out by research that disgrace incapacitates our potential to trust that we can develop ourselves. Also, other researchers have discovered that shame only causes unfavorable, devastating actions; through direct expressions, disgrace has no positive effects.

Though it’s just human to sense disgrace sometimes, the acceptance of acts related to shame in society is concerning. 

Chapter 2 – Disgrace has been a piece of the present culture and shame encourages being afraid of being valueless – of not being or having enough.           

Social media permeated this world, and in it, we’re always showing ourselves as well as how we live publicly. We show our photos from holidays, how many “friends” we know, and our professional achievements for everybody to observe – and be jealous of.

Such jealousy mostly produces a sense of shortage that we’ve all experienced sometimes – maybe when we heard about a friend’s fantastic experiences, or we stared for a long time at products we cannot afford.

That’s the “never-enough” society: we experience a continuous fear that we’re not enough, or we do not own sufficient.

The disturbing incidents of the new past – for example, 9/11, arbitrary violent occurrences, and inevitable natural calamities – have formed the current never-enough society, and the impacts are obvious in the bigger picture, and even in schools, offices, and families.

At the times we are not able to heal, the anxiety of shortage controls the purpose carried out through “post-traumatic anxiety”. Instead of conquering the damage by undertaking that – which needs vulnerability – everybody tries to make the anxiety silent by pursuing to gain further commodities and to become further.

The origin of this act is the incorrect conviction that accruing commodities or iteratively advancing ourselves would protect us against the unmanageable adversities of this life.

People’s never-enough minds start a never-ending cycle of contrast, disgrace, and withdrawal.

For example, we contrast ourselves with models, Hollywood stars, and billionaires – even with the ones we used to be in the romanticized past. These types of comparisons are commonly based on criteria we possibly can’t achieve.

The compare-and-contrast causes shame, signifying our anxiety of not becoming sufficient, and therefore undeserving any connections with humans. Disgrace causes withdrawal: we quit working for developing ourselves since we assume that we could not become great sufficiently nevertheless.

Therefore, the sense of disgrace and cessation are common and damaging in this society.

Hence, what is the way to depart from this damaging way? In the following chapter, you will learn about the methods to conquer shame by accepting one’s vulnerability.

Chapter 3 – Vulnerability has been fundamental to all human emotions and it is on no account an indication of powerlessness.

When you inquire about individuals regarding the things they know about vulnerability, perhaps only a few people would see it as positive. We’ve been brought up in an environment vulnerability is linked with sadness and failure, however, strength and success are seen to be more significant than being in contact with how we feel.

However, if we examine what vulnerability is actually about, then we get completely different results.

Initially, being vulnerable has never been bad or good. Instead, being vulnerable shows that you own the ability to feel emotions.

Although we regularly link being vulnerable with having bad emotions, such as sadness, fear, or grief, as a matter of fact, vulnerability is also the source of people’s favorable emotions like joy, love, empathy, etc.

According to the writer, vulnerability is equal to risk, emotional subjection, and uncertainty. You may love somebody, for example, loving would expose you emotionally; however, you may never be sure that they would love you back, therefore, you risk yourself being denied. Similar to any further feelings, love involves being vulnerable.

Secondly, enabling vulnerability signifies courage and strength – not powerlessness.

When we leave ourselves unprotected, it shows that we are allowing ourselves to be vulnerable. Also, it means that we’re being courageous; it’s very easy to evade all chances of setback compared to risking ourselves. For instance, the writer was very anxious about public speaking related to her research, she was scared of revealing herself to listeners. However, by performing it irrespective, and therefore accepting her vulnerability, the writer was turning brave, not powerless.

Everybody desires to love and have relationships in this life. The thing we should completely know has been that these favorable senses have been fixed in being vulnerable. When we could embrace this truth, and accept being vulnerable, we may utilize that to our advantage in our professional and private lives.

Chapter 4 – Rather than disregarding being vulnerable, we need to embrace it in order to develop ourselves as well as our intercourses.

Being vulnerable has normally been recognized as an unfavorable characteristic, however, it’s an important characteristic of human beings – a vital piece of the person we are.

Therefore, what is the way to cope with our inborn vulnerability by having a favorable and productive manner?

It is easy: adopt it.

By adopting our vulnerability, we may learn and improve ourselves both socially and professionally.

Respecting our improvement socially, adopting vulnerability enables us to feel our emotions genuinely and be compassionate, making us engage with other people. Like you’d appreciate others opening up to you and being sincere to you, your readiness to talk about what you feel and think, and your vulnerability would be perceived favorably. Certainly, the instances we sense most engaged with other people have generally been those when we told someone how we think and feel and sensed that they understand us.

Regarding professional advancement, we can develop ourselves by risking and being courageous to show outside criticism of the things we do and our ideas. When you exercise just the things you know you can do best, you, certainly, refrain from the failure possibility, however, you will omit a possible new experience as well. Any failure shows that we’re learning new things.

What would happen when you don’t want to accept that you are vulnerable? When you disregard that you are vulnerable, or you’re simply ignorant of that, you would find yourself enhancing it. Like it was shown in a study that, individuals who thought they are not vulnerable to advertisements’ influential power were the most vulnerable to them; partakers who believe to be uninfluenced by advertisements reacted further to them compared to the partakers who accepted their own susceptibility.

Obviously, vulnerability has been nothing we have to fight, however, it is a crucial piece of how we live emotionally. When we embrace its presence, vulnerability may turn out to be a favorable tool.

Contrarily, shame has been the mutual way by which people attempt to fight their vulnerability. Therefore, to adopt vulnerability, people first need to understand the way to free themselves from shame.

Chapter 5 – Through understanding and expressing our disgrace, we form flexibility to it and rather observe other people’s empathy.

Since shame has exactly been the anxiety of displaying yourself, it is not a kind of sense that we regularly talk about it with other people.

We’ve all sometimes desired the floor to open up and have us inside it, protecting us against judgmental stares and suppressing other people’s laughter. And a lot of the time the sense of disgrace is further hurting for people compared to anything we are shamefaced about.

Disgrace can definitely be awful. Therefore, what is the way to straighten that out?

Expressing that we feel shameful and identifying them frequently reduces their influence. As a matter of fact, expressing our shame truly lets us be flexible against it.

That’s since shame gets stronger through not being mentioned: the fewer people express their shame, the more influence shame gains in people’s lives.

The issue is that keeping our disgrace to ourselves is normal. Shame doesn’t even need the company of others: a lot of people are probably their worst criticizers already and keep a mass of disgrace to benefit from.

However, if we create adequate self-compassion, we’re capable of withstanding disgraceful instances not just with no sense of crush, but also to occur contrarily as further courageous and engaged.

That is to say, we let ourselves be flexible against shame.

At the time we become flexible against shame, in a circumstance where we’d usually feel shame in its place, we can sense others’ empathy instead.

Since we experience the feeling of shame just at the time we are afraid of others’ views about us, we may turn out flexible against the feeling of shame by talking with people and expressing shame. By doing that, other people may then comprehend our emotions and fears, making them understand us, and afterward, we may change all shame sense with the senses we obtained through empathy.

We’ve all felt the alleviation of talking with other people, our issues reducing as we start to sense that we are understood. That is an essential strong instrument against shame.

The initial step to accepting that we are vulnerable and to having a further attached as well as connected life is gaining flexibility against shame.

Chapter  6 – When we sense content with the thing we turn out and what we own, we will be brave enough to quit concealing that we are vulnerable.

It’s normal, and common for us to desire to advance ourselves or gain further. That wish comes not just through common determination, but also through the urge to protect ourselves against any damage.

“If we would only be wealthy/ successful/ famous sufficiently”, we think in our heads, “we’d be protected from disappointment and pain”. Simply put, behind desiring to become and own further is what we look for which we could free ourselves from being vulnerable.

Being vulnerable may not be conquered; it can only be hidden in reality. The majority of the individuals are very intolerable with being vulnerable that these people try not to show that to others, even themselves.

What is the way to hide vulnerability? By behavioral trends such as perfectionism, apprehending delight, and making ourselves senseless by using drugs and alcohol.

For instance, we’ve all felt happy moments that ended up bitter because we start to think that bad things would occur. People do that to stimulate themselves against the (envisaged) looming doom, instead of staying vulnerable against the sense of delight.

Perfectionism functions the exact way: we struggle for perfection in order to protect ourselves against the likelihood of failure.

However, instead of letting our never-sufficient anxiety take charge, we begin to embrace that we own sufficient and we are sufficient already, this would make us reveal ourselves and show our weakness.

For instance, by purging ourselves regarding the unattainable aim of “perfect”, we’re capable of opening ourselves to any potential failure or critique without allowing it to shape the person we have been.

Also, rather than ruining delightful instances by thinking of bad things, we can admit that we’re valuable for this brief happiness. We need to be grateful when those happy moments occur, not scared of envisaged disaster.

Therefore, by being content with the thing we own and we are, we’re able to accept our vulnerability, releasing us to reveal the concealers that just work to damage us. With no concealer, we may eventually observe ourselves; we may also be seen through the people that surround us.

In the next chapter, you’ll learn related to the way our vulnerability culture may be useful at home, office, and school.

Chapter 7 – An environment of shame has been lethal to all schools and workplaces.

We’ve all heard about some suspicious motivational approaches that are meant to push individuals toward wanted aims at work or at school. Those involve concepts such as benchmarking, in which performance has been contrasted to specific determined standards or rates, and blaming and shaming, where failures or weaknesses of people are shown openly. Office employees have to sell a specific number in order to obtain their prize, teachers expose students’ grades in the class loudly, and universities let just the best undergraduates further with graduate courses.

However, anyone who has experienced the danger of being ashamed publicly understands very well the harmful impacts it may have on one’s efficiency.

Initially, shame may cause disengagement.

If we’re coerced to learn or work in an atmosphere based on shame, we quit being supported emotionally at a point because the feeling of shame detaches people from their environments. Due to this, we possibly cannot work as great as we could anymore – or may even escape totally by quitting.

Secondly, such escapes threaten learning, creativity, and innovation.

Either at school or work, when you wish to create a novel idea or a rare but influential remedy to any issue, you need to feel connected to what you’re doing. When you are ashamed, you turn out disconnected, this causes inaction and disinterest, refraining you from being connected and from advancing and learning yourself as well.

Certainly, no school or office may work with no innovation and creativity.

Is there a way to think of a school having no creativity? Students’ learning includes beginning to create their ideas, questions, and answers by thinking independently. Simply put: being creative.

Also, businesses can’t work without innovation: making novel goods, transforming old products for the volatile, constantly-varying market. Businesses cannot endure without innovation.

You may observe that an environment of disgrace at work and education is risky and counterproductive. It’s obvious that when they have to stay productive and effective, schools and businesses should embrace or develop a different batch of strategies for motivation – for example, the uplifting vulnerability.

Chapter 8 – Society, education, and professional leaders at large should fight withdrawal by heartening vulnerability above disgrace.

Transforming common trends in society regularly needs engaged people having initial steps. No matter if that is authoritative managers or employers, parents or teachers, they all have a role in creating the vulnerability culture in the society we live in.

There have been signs of a culture of disgrace in nearly all workplaces or schools. For instance, you might have heard, of several circumstances where employees’ failures were shown at work publicly. In this case, corporate workers were ashamed of trading offices, furthermore, other ways of public shame have been utilized as well.

But those patterns of behavior may be changed in order for people to be encouraged to embrace their vulnerability. The openness and value culture regarding vulnerability may fight problems based on shame, and when we understand to involve our vulnerability we may transmit the exact concepts and values to our families, workplaces, and schools.

The strength to accept vulnerability socially and professionally depends on leaders – those that are in charge of impactful places – and, with this, they may cultivate work and education.

For example, if you’re the leader of a group, you possibly have more opportunities to control how that group behaves, and so fight shame, than any other workers do. Furthermore, it is in the best consideration of you to do that: the achievement of the entire group you work with – and so your achievement – would be associated with all the changes you hearten.

Also, when you, being an impactful individual, show the problems you’re feeling, or demand assistance, this can form a trusting environment, where vulnerability cannot be disregarded but used to develop the learning and working atmosphere.

Schools, work, and family are places that are distressed because of the disengagement and shame symptoms, however, they may be changed with a worthiness culture and by accepting vulnerability.

Chapter 9 – Involved and engaged parenting with no shame surrounding will enable children to cultivate a feeling that they are valuable.

We only want the greatest for our kids. Therefore, if we want them to have connected, engaged lives, we need to instruct them on the basic concepts of vulnerability and worthiness.

Initially, we need to know that kids experience disgrace like trauma. Disgraceful occurrences in children’s early lives can affect not just their adolescence, however, the remaining of their life as well. Just remember the moments you were ashamed of when you were just a kid. Do you still have intense feelings about them?

In contrast, if children don’t feel disgraced, they sense value since they’re loved totally and the feeling of belonging.

A family needs to be where people may really be themselves. For kids to mature by having an intense feeling of worthiness, for them to know that they’re good enough just however they have been, they must have a home surrounding free of disgrace. It’s far simpler for these kids to grasp how to love how they are when they would be loved no matter what by the family they have.

That is precisely why, being parents, we need to instruct our kids to be flexible against shame; we can achieve this by being engaged and involved mothers and fathers, and also embracing our worthiness as well.

Establishing such a surrounding needs mothers and fathers to behave as good exemplars, embracing worthy values and standards that they would like their kids to have, instead of only evangelizing them. That forms a consistent and open surrounding for kids to advance in.

When mothers and fathers would like to instruct their kids that they are worthy, they need to first embrace their worthiness. There is no child that can get a characteristic from a mother or father that they do not really have.

Those fundamentals of being a great parent – being connected and creating the worthiness culture – not shame – have only been a piece of a very greater picture:

When you follow these principles daily, you and the people surrounding you like your family, colleagues, and friends – will gain with that and have a greater life.

Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead by Brené Brown Book Review

In order to have a life free of disgrace, we need to understand the way to love how we are no matter what and to depend on our inborn worthiness when relating with family, colleagues, and peers. By doing that, we would be brave enough to accept our vulnerability since rejection and failure cannot reduce the feeling of worthiness. When accepting our vulnerability, going out, and engaging, we may create more intense intercourses with other people and transform our individual and professional life for the greater.

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Savaş Ateş

I'm a software engineer. I like reading books and writing summaries. I like to play soccer too :) Good Reads Profile: https://www.goodreads.com/user/show/106467014-sava-ate

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