The Interpretation of Dreams by Sigmund Freud [Book Summary – Review]

Have you happened to wake up after a night dream perceiving that you have failed something important such as recent information about life? Cynics may say no; however, they would miss the manner whereby dreams say things regarding people’s thinking structure. Dreams may be terrifying, commonplace, or basically ordinary, they have things to say to us. However, what?

The master of psychoanalysis talked about his innovative findings regarding the things dreams actually signify in this his seminal work. Sigmund Freud tries to step away from a latent and exorcist meaning of dreams like prophecies and rather links them to the things that wait deep inside our oblivious senses.

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Chapter 1 – Old explanations of dreams did not regard science. A greater method is to link dreams to actual spiritual retention.

Dreams may be perplexing, usually making no obvious sense whatsoever. Although the eras, humans have tried to know about those and solve their secrets.

In old antiquity, people thought that dreams had been oracles from Gods. In order to know about these oracles, old ancestors utilized 2 techniques of explication.

The initial method was explaining dreams in their unity before connecting them to tomorrow. A dream reader or an oracle would normally be in charge of this structure.

Secondly, dream readers would analyze dreams and interpret them part by part. For example, Great Alexander dreamt during the time he was in combat for Tyre, a Phoenician district near port. In Alexander’s dream, he noticed a forest god referred to as a satyr hopping with his armor. According to dream interpreters, “satyr” is signifying “Tyre would be yours,” therefore, that dream was assumed to express that he is going to win the fight.

The issue with this technique has been that this was essentially unscientific speculation. A more refined method for reading dreams is linking the theme of dreams to the actual psychic memories as well as past lives of dreamers.

One time, Freud had a dream in which there were 3 peers of his: a peer referred to as Otto, a dictatorial psychology specialist referred to as Doctor M. & Irma, an old peer that Freud had seen. In Freud’s dream, Doctor M. mentions that Irma was ill due to an infection, probably as a result of the dirty needle Otto used for her.

That dream correlated to an actual phone discussion that the writer had with the client a day before. During that call, Freud sensed that the client was putting the blame for Irma’s bad health condition on him. Still, that should not have been Freud but Otto who was really to be condemned for the sickness.

The dream said to Freud, “that was not your failure,” hence satisfying his desire not to be accountable for Irma’s illness.

Chapter 2 – Every dream fulfills wishes; however, the majority of those were oblivious.

Therefore, Freud’s dream of Irma was kind of a dream satisfaction. However, is that the case for every dream?

Well, in specific situations, it’s really obvious that our dreams fulfill a wish. Good illustrations are dreams of comfort or inertia. For example, a peer of Freud understood he needed to wake up in time to go for an appointment at the hospital. At the time his servant tried to wake him from sleep, he was already dreaming of being on the hospital bed.

Such a dream entailed that he really conveniently didn’t have to wake up; hence, satisfying his sluggish wish to continue sleeping.

Following this, most dreams cannot be that clear about desire satisfaction. As a matter of fact, dreams can also be extremely painful.

Consider the tale of a patient who had a dream that her smallest nephew was dead inside an open coffin. How can that kind of terrible dream satisfy a desire?

In this case, the client was extremely captivated by a certain acquaintance, a Prof. who had a disagreement with her family and quit visiting. One rare situation he had came by was to go for the burial of Otto, older brother of Charles.

The mentality was if Charles would die as well, Prof. would come back. The desire that was satisfied here was basically that of the willingness of encountering Prof. once more.

This is a really opaque circumstance; however, dreams usually disguise their actual explanation. In the above situation, the patient deliberately refused to love the professor since her wish was pointless. She bottled up her wish of being together with the professor and, for that manner, kept it from herself as well.

Hence, it makes so much logic that her desire was concealed in that dream as well. Rather than being obvious, it was twisted. This is kind of similar to perusing news of a nation that restricts its media and left journalists to deflect news to avoid censorship. Similarly, dreams deflect their transmission to avoid censorship of the mind.

Chapter 3 – The topic of dreams may emanate from numerous sources.

Now you understand that dreams occur from the desire to satisfy wills. However, this does not allow their explanation to be easy. Nevertheless, a will may be conveyed in numerous manners, and the topic of dreams differs wildly.

Therefore, where do topics for dreams emanate from?

You may usually depend on dreams to have specific retention from the day before. In some cases, these experiences go into dreams very similar to actual life. When you encounter someone that is attractive, they could be a figure in your following dream.

But, usually, a worldly living links to other ideas and retention, arriving up to dreams rather. Visualize you having a discussion with a person known as Gartner. This word sounds like “gardener,” therefore, might make you recall your best flower, and therefore, your following dream may well contain lilacs.

Childhood memories are other sources of dream topics. As a matter of fact, for some situations, a teenage instance is really deep that it reshows itself, usually linked to newer situations.

At the time Freud was about at the age of 7 or 8, he heard too much his father shouting never becoming anything in life.

Due to that, each success he encountered made him recall that teenage instance. When he got a prize, that instance occurred because his father was prone to come in his dream. For instance, he had a dream of binding his ties wrongly while sleeping before he got his prize in a ceremony.

Also, eventually, the topic of dreams can as well be created by physical stimuli at the time of sleep. When a person gently pokes you while you are dreaming, you may feel a perception of faintness inside the dream.

Conditions of the body would freely show themselves in dreams. Therefore, if you have to run to the toilet while dreaming about going abroad, you may dream of rafting on a river, because the water in motion has a tendency to represent urination.

In these 3 sources, lots of topics for one dream could be found. In the next chapter, we will see the way everything gets synthesized.

Chapter 4 – Dream components are displaced, condensed, and it is made logical by our minds.

You have read that topics for dreams emanate from numerous places; however, what is the way for a dream to become in its last form?

For beginners, the topic of dreams is extremely condensed. It goes through a lot of compressions that only 1/2 page of a dream can need about 6 to 8 pages of explanation.

On one occasion, Freud found thorough research through the windows of a bookstore. Formerly, he had conducted studies on medicinal possibilities of cocaine as well.

These two details mixed in the writer’s following dream, in that dream he was going through garden research that he wrote himself.

Also, dreams as well take form by supersession. This is known as the movement of changing something vital toward something unimportant. Assuming you do not think about Ms. X. However, you get a message from her, reading hatred into her signing with “best,” in place of “anything best.” In this manner, you superseded the real hatred you sensed for Ms. X into the letter.

That’s exactly what occurs in dreams. For Freud’s situation, he was blamed for having a lot of time with his pastime activities. Due to this, Freud was inspired to show that he struggled really hard to validate his hobbies.

Therefore, in that dream of garden research, his desire for validation is displaced in the research, which works as an indication of his struggle.

Eventually, as soon as the entire topic of dreams has been transformed and intense, your mind creates a meaningful series from it.

This is the way:

In life, while our eyes are open, people have a tendency to mend inconsistencies they met. You might ignore mistakes in writing by visualizing the right words instead. The exact same thing happens when we sleep.

When you dream of a horse and a man, our brain would remove the gap of the story by assuming the animal is for the man. With this structure, you come up with dreams that, although being strange, progresses in a quite logically plausible way.

Chapter 5 – Dreams indirectly signify thoughts or via symbols.

At times, occurrences can appear straight in dreams. For example, a pond you saw before or a novel you realized might appear in dreams as they are.

But, in other circumstances, this structure may be very vague. This is particularly correct for nonmaterial opinions and ideas, which are indirectly symbolized in dreams.

Assume one day you bumped into X. After seeing him, you imagined to yourself, “was not he on a high horse?”

That kind of opinion may solely be shown implicitly in dreams, this signifies you might see X riding a horse in your dreams.

Or, for instance, during the day at some point, you forgot what you were talking about. While dreaming, this may appear like writing which has lost the last lines.

Dreams as well have numerous symbols. Specific objects frequently, even though not all the time, represent identical things. Consider “queen” and “king”, two symbols that have a tendency to represent a dad and a mom. Similarly, “left” and “right”, two symbols that usually represent ethically correct and false things.

A lot of these signs may contain sexual connotations as well. Any long object, stick or weapon, can be an indication for men. A ship, oven, small box, or carrier of any type can also represent female genitalia. Lastly, climbing a vertical peak or taking steps may represent sex.

Those kinds of symbols are significant since they let you better explain the meanings of dreams. Consider a woman client of Freud had a dream in which she was self-reliant walking on a street with an asymmetrical hay cap. In this situation, the hat represented her spouse’s genitals, so that dream was made because she was afraid that they would be distorted. This reality came about at the time she inquired the writer whether it would be weird having a testicle higher than the second.

Chapter 6 – Certain dreams are seen by everybody; even their source is the same.

Did you observe that certain dreams are seen by everybody? What is the wish these shared dreams satisfy?

An example of that kind of dream has been wandering naked while there are people; it satisfies a desire for attracting attention. As children, people usually relish being naked while others look at them and do not think about it for a second. However, as kids get older, people start to reprimand them for that kind of act.

Therefore, people remember their exhibitionist desires; however, they suppress them. Due to that, we see ourselves naked in our dreams while there are people around, hence fulfilling this suppressed exhibitionist wish.

Having said that, those kinds of dreams are extremely shameful, a sense that works as a twist, which conceals the actual desire.

Some other dream that is popular is floating or dropping down, and these might stem from games people play as children.  Nevertheless, kids relish when someone pretends like they are dropping and being caught or flying. Dreams of floating or dropping down may essentially originate from desires to re-experience that excitement.

Lastly, dreams that involve the passing away of someone you love relate to teenage imaginations. A lot of individuals have had that kind of dream. In specific situations, those kinds of dreams are the outcome of essentially wanting that particular person to die.

Therefore, where does that kind of barbarous wish emanate from?

As kids, individuals could be overly greedy for their moms’ and dads’ care. Say, for instance, at the time a 3-year child obtains a little brother, the 3-year person may react by wanting the baby not to be present in the first place.

Not only that; however, children as well do not perceive death as similar to adults. According to a 3-year child, passing away is only another term of getting far away for life. In this manner, a kid may easily desire the death of her brother in order for her to obtain all the attention of her parents once again.

Chapter 7 – In order for children to affiliate with the parent of the other gender, they may wish for the death of a parent.

We’ve learned about how individuals might wish for the death of their siblings; however, that’s not all the evil persisting childhood desires. Also, we may wish for the death of a parent in order to get nearer to another parent, that wish is as well shown in dreams.

However, what is the source it emanates from?

Everything started with the arousal in sexual desire around the teenage years. That premature sexual desire has not been about sex, which children don’t know about; however, it can be noticed in the manner boys have an exclusive admiration for mothers and girls for fathers.

Usually, parents react back to this admiration and have a tendency to be rigid with kids of the same gender as well, however, favoring the kid of the other gender.

Children love this kind of love and would do anything to keep it that way. Think of a case whereby, each moment a boy’s dad leaves away, the boy has the chance to sleep with his mother. Further, the boy needs to go to his bed when the father gets back.

He realizes that when his dad would not be around for life, he could be near to his mom every night. From discussions of his grandparents, he is also aware of “passing away” signifies going away for life. Due to this, boys may desire their dads to die.

That kind of teenage desire is shown in excellent elaboration in Oedipus Rex of Sophocles. In Sophocles, the hero Oedipus murders someone he does not understand to be his dad and gets married to his mom who gives birth to 4 kids from him. At the time he finds out the reality, he blunts himself and banishes.

We may understand Oedipus since somehow, we can visualize going through his destiny ourselves. But, as adults, the majority of the people have suppressed any desire to pursue in Oedipus’ paths and shudder at the thought of it.

Chapter 8 – Explaining dreams has been vital for knowing the psyche as well as treating its problems.

Now that you understand where dreams emanate from and the way they are created. However, explaining dreams requires a lot of thoughts to be revealed as well.

Through studying dreams, one may know about the inside functioning of the top-secret thing known as the mind. People understand that dreams may show repressed wishes that usually stem from childhood.

These bottled-up desires are effective, even though you are not knowing them while your eyes are open. They are concealed in mind.

Studying dreams may assist individuals to treat and know about psychosis where people lose their sense of reality. Psychotic chapters happen when the suppressed desires of the mind are inadequately censored, bringing about their revelation while eyes are open.

Dreams may as well assist in curing neuroses where suppressed wishes lead to observable symptoms such as phobias.

However, can we actually depend on this technique of analysis? Nevertheless, some associations look random.

According to Freud’s world, there’s nothing like an arbitrary link, just surprising and glaring ones.

Consider the previous illustration, where the phrase “Gartner” is similar to “gardener.” Gardens in dreams may remind someone of an allegation by Gartner, asserting that the person does not study really hard.

That kind of apparent arbitration allows it to be vital to learn more for intenser links.

Through the “gardener” illustration, the 1st phrase assembles to the 2nd word; however, inside, gardening may as well be clients’ favorite hobby.

Also, if you require more evidence in studying functions, consider the outcomes. Surprising associations among dreams and worldly experiences are steadily revealed through this type of explanation, and such associations give helpful detail about the manner in which people’s minds actually work.

The Interpretation of Dreams by Sigmund Freud Book Review

Dreams are not outcomes of revelations from Gods, neither are arbitrary pictures. They’re revelations of dreamers’ cognitive mind, and these could be read as well studied. Through the structure, we may discover ourselves as persons and lessen problems of our minds when they occur.

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