Think Like a Rocket Scientist by Ozan Varol [Book Summary – Review]


Have you defined the lath for what you consider you can succeed? Or far worse than, have you surrendered yourself to banality? Maybe you are disappointed that you did not find a solution that will take your job to a novel rank. Or perhaps you have said to yourself that your longing is just an empty fantasy. And why not? Achievement is not just for the elite geniuses of the globe or human beings with adequate money to listen to their hearts, is it?

The fact is, whether it’s this excellent idea for a novel product, marking this promotion, or even finding out a novel talent, anyone can make a breakthrough. What distinguishes those who do it from those who do is not significantly smart or cash, but mentality. When you shift your approach to obstacles and difficulties, giant strides in every aspect of your life can be observed by you. And to get that change, you have to find out how to envision like a rocket specialist.



Chapter 1 – Thanks to changing your behavior across uncertainty, it prompts you to explore.


There is a weird custom for engineers and scientists at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. They chew peanuts at key times of each space mission. This phenomenon started with the accomplished launch of a Ranger spacecraft after prolonged failures. A bag of peanuts had been bought by an engineer to duty control that day. Since then, peanuts have been eaten at each launch to avoid bad luck.

This indicates that even the most scientific between us and scary uncertainty. So, it is engaged by us in bizarre routines such as consuming peanuts or wearing fortunate jeans to recover a feeling of control. We are not able to give up on sensing this way. Scary of the unknown assisted to defend our ancestors from sword-toothed tigers. However, once we completely escape from uncertainty, we lock ourselves to fresh opportunities.

It is not seen by scientists that indistinctness is something to be afraid of. Once faced with a dark, shadow-fulfilled area, they don’t come back like most of us. They walked around until they found a light button. When this light comes on, it can be estimated by them what they discover. It could be something interesting in the room, or it could be another gate to another secret.

Scientists do not feel panic under unreliability. It enlivens them. Rather than disconcerting about monsters lurking in the edges, they concentrate on all the excellent things waiting to be found.



Some practical leaps are found that can be taken to clutch up to about the unknown rather than allowing it to block you. Begin by questioning yourself what the bottom of the barrel probable result would be. Then think how possible this result is. As tragedy seldom happens, what sets them in view is writing these ideas. Usually, you will find that the stuff you care about most will remain whole though the worst-case scenario happens. Accepting this neutralizes your horror of taking a novel way. When you confront your worries or fears, you will be available to begin your trip and notice what you can accomplish.


Chapter 2 – Abandoning adapting is the most convenient way for innovation.


Technology entrepreneur Elon Musk owned a problem that is like $20 million. It was desired to establish a space firm to realize Musk’s dream of settling on Mars by him. However, he had not enough money for even an only rocket. Aviation companies that build all of these are working more and more as outsourcing to subcontractors. A whole of these margins joined an already pricey product and made it unattainable.

Musk was prepared to surrender once he received inspiration. He has questioned himself about what you require to travel into space. A rocket, well sure, was the solution. Plus, what is used to build a rocket? Producer goods (or called raw materials). Later some calculations, it was found by Musk that these materials require only 2 percent of a rocket’s average price. Provided that Musk did most of the production in-house, he would have too much control over quality and funds. It could be started by Musk via working to fulfill his dream by attacking himself.

What is full of habits and customs that we chase without question is life. We wake up at the exact time, go to work the same way, consume the same thing every day for dinner. This assists a beneficial goal; We don’t have the time or space to analyze each judgment we make. However, if we passionately chase outmoded habits, we get a privileged process according to the result. Rather than examining if a better way to do something is found, we are caught in routines that hamper different and new opinions.



By covering your rocket expert, it can be escaped from limited habits by you. Rocket scientists use first thinking principles. Thanks to this method, you are asked to regularly question each potential perspective of a circumstance until you reach an accurate truth. For example, you require the producer materials to make a rocket. While this practice, let’s drop all presumptions about what has been made in antiquity. This will take you away from placed borders just like assuming that only state-funded space agencies can get rockets. In this way, you get in the area of innovative considering.

Consider why you are making something the path you do, to determine which methods to challenge by thinking first principles. While supporting your answer, be sure that your description is about your present conditions, not the old ones. Exactly like Musk, it may be discovered by you that you can achieve this willing target by drawing your way.


Chapter 3 – What is the opponent of original consideration is productivity.


At the age of 16, Albert Einstein pondered what would happen provided that he could discern light operating as quickly as probable. It was known by him that it was away from the range of his body. However, thinking that this situation laid the basis for what became the particular theory of relativity after ten years.

It was also used in his image as his laboratory by Nikola Tesla. After spending hours thoughtfully planning, he drew his inventions. The initial test field for the alternating current system we use each day was his mind. It would have been made by neither he nor Einstein as their unbelievable discovery provided that their lives had been shattered by occupation.

Time and space were required things for creativity. For this reason, the places where aren’t so creative are so many contemporary work areas. It is felt like trapped in a self-spreading work cycle by most of us. Each email we send results in a different email we sense forced to reply to instantly. We feel under too much stress for taking answers and to present that there is a small room for wonder and investigation. We even comprehended it, after we forgot that we were kids who love exploration and ask questions about the globe.



However, childish curiosity and a sense of openness are necessary provided that you desire to discover innovative answers to issues. Fortunately, connecting again with your seven-year-old inside is not difficult. All you have to make is operate a thinking exercise.

What provides space for us to address a particular question in a parallel globe where existence operates as distinct from is thinking experiments. This relieves you from boundaries such as talents, entrance to sources, and even – as in Einstein’s example- physical existence. The important thing is not significantly to get the correct response but to earn perspicacity as removing yourself from old thought patterns.

Thanks to adding free time to your program, it promotes thinking experiments. When your mind is allowed to drag, the fields of your brain are given in charge of the creative approach to life. For this reason many writers such as J.K. Rowling are winners of monotony. The train which was paused for four hours era smartphones were produced in 1990 is Rowling’s train from Manchester to London. Harry Potter’s story came off her brain as she got confined at the station with blank to do. Assume what your brain can present you provided that you permit time to hike.


Chapter 4 – The supreme obstruction between you and your aim is your brain.


Do you know the story of Icarus who tried to escape from prison in Crete using wings created by wax? The answer is probably yes. Although his father’s predictions, a very high flight was carried out by Icarus. His wings were melted because of the sun and Icarus dived to his death.

With warnings and stories like these, you are educated by the community to be afraid to take risks. This holds you protected during your childhood however keeps you back as a grown-up. Tell yourself you don’t need what it takes to go for this advance or request your crush on a date. However, if you switch the story you tell yourself, you might eventually fly.

It is considered by most of us that accomplishment relates to the elite, not the average human beings, so we don’t take pains trying. This attitude illustrates a point that writer David Schwartz performs in his book The Magic of Thinking Big. Your absence of bank balance or time is the major obstruction preventing you from reaching your targets – that’s your brain.

Practice considering differently to resist thoughts that devitalize you from pursuing your fantasies.



A method that was utilized to whip creativity by creating thoughts without barrier or restriction is divergent thinking. Each opinion is embraced regardless of real-globe constraints such as divergent, budget, etc. Each opinion is adopted as a chance. The goal is not to find an excellent solution, but to generate as many opinions as potential. This makes sure that you don’t reject any concept ahead of time.

To exercise thinking differently, get rid of that sensible voice. In this way, your brain is free to get into the area of creativity and innovation. You can discover here what you can do instead of what you believe you should do. After you’ve completed creating opportunities, it can be taken back by you to your sensible self to judge your thoughts.

Provided that your brain goes back to ancient or pedestrian opinions, get them out of the carton. Question yourself what answer you will come up with in the globe of science fiction. This is not as silly as you might consider. In its initial days, Neal Stephenson who was a science fiction author was hired by aerospace manufacturer Blue Origin to assist to imagine paths to go into space without using a rocket. Although Stephenson may not be a rocket specialist, what stimulated innovative designs was his creativity.


Chapter 5 – Thanks to asking the correct questions, you obtain the most appropriate results.


Ozan Varol got very bad messages from NASA in 1999. The three-legged falling system he thought to apply to use landing a rover on Mars was unsuccessful grippingly on a different duty. The action was taken quickly by Varol. The problem in his brain was: How do we rectify the present system?

However, the person who apprehended things distinctively was engineer Mark Adler. He investigated the question: How can we challenge gravity for the traveler to arrive at Mars carefully? To respond to this question, it was rejected the three-legged system totally by Adler. Rather, it was created by him with a massive airbag system that would swell around the traveler and allow it to jump several dozen before standing on the Martian ground. Finally, what delivered carefully two travelers to Mars was Adler’s design.

Once the topic comes to problem-solving, it is acted the way Varol does by most of us – we are determined to answer without wholly considering the question. And as soon as we are sensationally attached to a special solution, it will be persistently defended by us. We never think about whether there will be a more suitable way. However, provided that we switch the question we suggest as Adler does, we can often find an answer as radical.



Well, what should you do to ask more helpful questions?

Initially, find out to distinguish between a plan and a tactic. What is the plan you practice to accomplish a specific result is a strategy, such as a traveler landing on Mars. On the other side of the coin, tactics are activities that perform this strategy. One of the tactics is to apply a three-legged falling system. Another one is surrounding your traveler with airbags.

Confusing tactics with strategies are simple. Varol experienced this. Provided that you’re having trouble determining your plan, relish a step back and question yourself what issue you are seeking to solve. Are you examining to rectify a broken landing system or search the Red Planet? By concentrating on the bigger image, it will be identified by you as the question to ask. After that, you can begin creating opinions or tactics as possible solutions to this problem. Furthermore, only in the end, your opinions are evaluated for quality by you.


Chapter 6 – To reach the fact, it must be actively crossed your dead-legs by you.


Provided that travelers of NASA’s Mars Climate Orbiter asked the question of What don’t we see?” in 1999, they may have bypassed a $193 million error. Two periods before the orbit’s planned arrival date, data predicted that it would orbit Mars 100 kilometers below what it should have been. This defined a complete error. What would either burn sharply or jump out of Mars’ atmosphere deep into space is the orbiting vehicle.

However, travelers reduce the data inconsistency to a mistake in the navigation system. They were mistaken. On the date of arrival, although the orbiter overpassed behind Mars as prepared, was never heard of again. Following, a study discovered that the failure happened because a British company designed the system by using inch-pound measurements. The Metric system was used by travelers. The whole measurements were four times inaccurate. If they questioned the data rather than neglecting it, they might have stopped costly accidents.

In the face of difficult data, it is looked by our minds for knowledge that confirms our views and neglects everything that is not. This is named consent prejudice and none of us are resistant to it. In case, it is so sad to hear opinions that oppose ours that we will escape it at all costs, even if the risks are immense.



Therefore, how do you overwhelm your established aim to see just what you desire to perceive?

Firstly, escape shifting overly joined to your thoughts. Rather, consider every view as a practical hypothesis. This turns your faith into a theory that can be verified, not verified, or even left. In that way, you stay objective. Better still, create a series of different hypotheses so you don’t stick to a single result.

Putting contradictory hypotheses is a magnificent path to reducing your dead-legs. Formulate these hypotheses by questioning what is abstaining. Provided that the navigators had done this, they might have posed the problem in parts of the measure. He could save the duty.

Lastly, try to refute your hypothesis instead of proving them. Make this by presenting your ideas to yourself as if they referred to someone else. Discover each hole in each discussion and cut it into parts. Don’t forget, every hypothesis you debunk takes you one footstep closer to the fact.


Chapter 7 – Selectively testing it to be a sure achievement is the most appropriate way.


There is training that takes long years before they travel to space for astronauts. It is spent hours training procedures in the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory by them, an immense pool that houses a sunken copy of the International Space Station. It is even experienced, by them, weightlessness in an airplane that mimics zero-gravity by diving like a rollercoaster and called a “vomit comet.”

However, what has replicated emergencies that take astronauts to their physical boundaries is the most arduous education exercises. In space, a single incorrect move could make such a circumstance deadly. Therefore, the education program seeks to cheat them into making an error. In that way, the astronaut gets better ready for their duties.

Typically, it is used by us as tests to validate our faiths, not challenge them. Provided that we get bad outcomes, we discover a reason to support them, such as adverse circumstances or bad climate. Rather, it must be asked by us how well we created this test. As the main goal of a test is to discover the division dot where things go opposite.

It is not trained by most of us in the circumstances in which we will be examined, therefore, we may not be able to recognize this division dot till it’s too late. Although our big talk is not in a cave area under dazzling lights, in the comfort of our home. When we wear sweatpants rather than a tough suit, we ask a good-natured friend to have a fake job interview with us. This gets us more fit to disappoint on the big day.



As long as you are not going into space, it can be safely exercised in an atmosphere that mimics the test you are approached by you. It is done with the help of trying his jokes at small comedy clubs by Jerry Seinfeld who is a comedian. It can change the material according to the attendee’s answers or even cut it. In that path, he’ll get better ready for significant shows.

During testing, it is significant to make sure that every element is tested separately. Ultimately, the entire system is checked as well. Don’t make the error of believing that something will run just because every part works well on its own. After all, a drug that is useful alone can be deadly when blended with different medications. Test as completely as probable and urge yourself or your goods to the boundaries. Thanks to that, you will gain confidence in your talent to control anything that gets your path.


Chapter 8 – So much as in the middle of achievement, our failures must be cautiously examined by us.


Once you target higher, failure is inescapable. Provided that you are looking for an elementary solution, you will be producing a lot of opinions. Most of these ideas will not agree with the summary. However, they perform a significant role in bringing you to get closer to this groundbreaking idea.

5,126 unsuccessful models were produced over 15 years by James Dyson. Just then did he discover the correct design for his popular bag vacuum cleaner. Once we mindfully examine our unsuccess, as Dyson did, they ensure us with strong perspicacity.

However, it is not adequate to examine past unsuccess. We should also be worried about our achievements.

What can be followed back to earlier achievements is many tragedies. This was the situation during the disastrous Challenger space duty in 1986. It has been frequently expressed his worry about the space shuttle’s O-rings by Roger Boisjoly who was a mechanical engineer. What blocks heated gases from escaping through bonds in rocket propellants are these slim rubber straps.



However, the damaged O-rings in early duties were still handled to work. For this reason, Boisjoly’s worries were ignored as a tolerable risk.

On January 28, 1986, Challenger was started triumphantly. However, a minute before its flight, the space shuttle crumbled and destroyed seven astronauts. It was discovered by a specific commission that the reason for this was the O-rings. As flying with degraded O-rings converted standard practice, NASA saw this as the standard rather than a grave idea.

Trust rising from earlier achievements can blind you to actuality. You consider you comprehend what you’ve made because you’ve done it before. However, just because you are successful doesn’t define you don’t make errors. What may not have caused the mistakes in the past is these mistakes, however, they can have terrible outcomes in the future.

Yet while we consider we are successful; we must discover our unsuccess and find out from them. Oppositely, we would never be able to gain the information our experience has given us. That’s why it’s so important to memorize that achievement is not a final in itself. This is a turning point in an eternal journey of exploration.


Think Like a Rocket Scientist: Simple Strategies You Can Use to Make Giant Leaps in Work and Life by Ozan Varol Book Review


What defines embracing a novel mindset where uncertainty is accepted as a fresh frontier guiding unlimited discoveries is considering being a rocket expert. It can be achieved by you as fundamental opinions and groundbreaking innovations within this boundary. However, this can only occur provided that you are eager to face your obstructed points and move away from processes and ideas that restrict your creativity. When you connect again with your youthful whim and openness, you will quickly move to your targets and live an amazing life.


The following time it is getting stuck by you seeking to solve the tough issue, put on your shoes and take a hike. That puts you in the fitting mindset for innovation as it rests you while permitting the gears of your mental mind to spin is hiking. The march guided to significant breakthroughs for scientists such as Tesla, Heisenberg, and Darwin. Therefore, the following time you have to discover an elementary solution, follow in their footprints, and go for a good, long hike.


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Savaş Ateş

I'm a software engineer. I like reading books and writing summaries. I like to play soccer too :) Good Reads Profile: https://www.goodreads.com/user/show/106467014-sava-ate

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